Congratulations! You are pregnant. It is the most beautiful phase of the life of both mother and father. There are many changes in the body of a woman in pregnancy. Many of you got to know about your pregnancy in the fourth or fifth week. Since most of the families in these generations are nuclear therefore most of the mothers live alone in the house. Thus it is very important to take care of yourself and your baby. We are here to suggest some precautions in the 1st trimester. 

two pregnant ladies


  1. Overview of First Trimester
  2. Diet for Pregnant lady
  3. Need of Doctor and medication
  4. Importance of Exercise, Rest and Sleep
  5. Effect of Alcohol, Smoking and Caffeine
  6. Danger Signs
  7. Mindset of the Lady
  8. Do’s and Don’ts
  9. Conclusions
  10. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ’S)

1. Overview of First Trimester

A pregnancy is divided into three trimesters. The1st trimester is from 1st to 12th week. Further, the second trimester is from 13th week to 27th week and the third trimester is from 28th to 40th week. 

pregnancy in 1st trimester

You get to know about your pregnancy generally after the first month. In the first trimester, you feel many changes in your body like nausea, vomiting, increased urination, mood swings, etc.

The 1st trimester is the most important. You have to take many precautions because any carelessness can lead to miscarriage, abnormal deliveries, or disability in the child. 

Thus, it is very important to take care of yourself and follow all precautions in the 1st trimester.

2. Diet for Pregnant Lady

It is very important to take care of your diet and follow all diet precautions in the 1st trimester. You need to take proper nutrients and vitamins which help in proper growth of the child.

eating healthy in 1st trimester

If you have to cook food for yourself, then you need to note that do not overstress yourself with incoming food. Thus, you need to keep easy and simple for yourself.

You should take a balanced diet with proteins (soya, full cream milk, curd, nuts, peanut butter, meat, fish, chicken, eggs), vitamins B6 – B12 ( potato, carrots, spinach, eggs, fish, salmon, milk), folic acid (leafy vegetables, citrus fruits, sprouts, walnut, banana, papaya, eggs, fish, salmon,) and iron (beetroot, pomegranate, pumpkin, apple, tomatoes, green leafy vegetables, beans). But no extra calories are required.

Ensure eating foods because it gives fibers and vitamins which is very important. Moreover, it is recommended not to eat raw meat. Ensure you thoroughly wash fruits and vegetables before eating or cooking as it will ensure all the germs, pesticide and insecticide are removed.

girl eating ice-cream

Further, it is recommended to drop at least 3 liters of water daily at regular intervals to maintain hydration in the body.

3. Need of Doctor and medication

As soon as you get to know that you are pregnant, quickly consult a gynecologist and start your proper treatment. Generally, doctors recommend patients some tests like screening tests, blood tests, urine tests, ultrasound, HIV tests, etc.

doctor with stethoscope

Further, they recommend different medicines and vitamin tablets according to the patient. It is recommended that their woman should stop taking earlier medicines without a doctor’s prescription. 

Generally, doctors Recommend folic tablets to the Pregnant lady as in the early stage of pregnancy cell divisions take place an inadequate supply of folic acid causes many problems to the womb. Thus, the doctors recommend a folic acid pill.

medical essentials

Some ladies are recommended vitamin tablets also according to their health condition.

Moreover, It is strictly not recommended to take any medicines without consulting any doctor and follow all necessary precautions in the 1st trimester.

4. Importance of Exercise, Rest and Sleep

It is very important to exercise regularly for proper health. If you are not exercising early then you should start it. 

30 min of daily normal walking is recommended. Do not have a brisk walk. A 30 minutes swimming session is also good for health but it should be consulted with the doctors. 

excercise in 1st trimester

Avoid lifting heavyweights. You can also perform yoga under proper guidance and instructions by the trainer. Meditation is also very good for both mother and child. But while doing any exercise follow all necessary precautions in the 1st trimester.

Moreover, avoid taking long rests. You should take rests but also exercise properly. Further, you should also have a proper 7-8 hours of interrupted sleep.

waking up

5. Effect of Alcohol, Smoking and Caffeine

smoking is bad at 1st trimester

If you are addicted to smoking or alcohol then it could affect your baby very badly.

For instance, excess smoking by the mother can lead to miscarriages and underweight babies.

Moreover, pregnant women who are regular drinkers and addicted to alcohol should quit it immediately. It leads to abnormalities in the baby. There is no maximum limit on smoking and drinking alcohol.

Even excess coffee, tea, and soft drinks also affect the baby as they have high levels of caffeine which is not good for the baby.

drinking is bad at 1st trimester

However, it is safe if you take a little amount of tea and coffee. But you must follow all precautions in the 1st trimester.

6. Danger Signs

There are some signs which you should not overlook. If you are feeling a light headache then it is fine but if there is a severe headache immediately contact your doctor.

Moreover, If there is swelling in the body, abdominal pain, pain below the stomach, or extreme pain in any part of the body you should consult your doctor.


Further, If there is irritation or burning sensation during urination, vaginal bleeding, or spotting then you should take the help of the doctor. Do not take lightly any problem and follow all precautions in the 1st trimester.

7. Mindset of the Lady

Most of the women are worried when they get to know they are pregnant. But it is very important to stay positive and happy and you should not panic. If you remain calm then your baby will also remain calm.

Moreover, a positive mindset also helps in maintaining a good relationship with the partner and the family. If any pain or problem occurs, then you should contact your doctor. Further, the husband needs to motivate their wife in this journey.

mindset on 1st trimester

But many women get panic as they do not have access to correct knowledge but here we are to give you full, proper, and correct information and we recommend you follow all precautions in the 1st trimester.

8. Do’s and Don’ts

i. Dos

1 Take care of yourself by having proper rest and exercise.

2 Start maintaining your diet and eat at proper intervals.

3 As soon as you get to know that you are pregnant you should immediately consult doctors and start your treatment.

4 Stop smoking and consuming alcohol as it will affect the baby very badly.

5 Keep calm and remain positive. Enjoy the moment.

ii. Don’ts

1 Do not take these weeks lightly as they are very important and most of the miscarriages happen in this trimester

2 Do not take any medicines without doctor consult

3 Do not go on long and stressful travels.

4 Do not stop your routine as it keeps you busy.

5 Do not keep your surroundings dirty. Clean surroundings create a positive aura which is very important.

9. Conclusions

bump at 1st trimester

Pregnant is the most beautiful phase not only for mother and father but for the entire family. The lady should take care of herself properly as this period is most important because of the high chances of abnormalities and miscarriages. 

You follow all the precautions in the 1st trimester as we have stated above and remain happy.

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10. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ’S)

Q1 What should be the diet in the first trimester?

You should take a proper and balanced diet full of minerals, vitamins, and fibers. You should take iron, calcium, etc.

Q2 Is it safe to travel during the first trimester?

Yes, it is safe to travel but only on short rides. Do not go on long and stressful travel.

Q3 Why is cleanliness important during pregnancy.?

Cleanliness is next to godliness. Clean surroundings make our mindset positive. 
There is a high chance of infection if we do not clean our surroundings and keep it dirty.

Q4 What are the symptoms of the first trimester?

Most of the women get to know about their pregnancy and first trimester when they miss their period, have nausea, vomiting, increased urination, fatigue, and mood swings.

Q5 When does the first trimester end?

First trimester starts from the first week to twelfth week means the first month to the third month.

Author: Gynomart

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