Congratulations! We hope the last three months were good and happy for you. You must have experienced many new feelings and emotions. Now your first trimester has ended and the second trimester has begun. So must take Precautions in the 2nd trimester more properly.

Thus, some of your early symptoms are over like nausea and vomiting. Now your bump grows and you can also feel the movement of the baby. This pregnancy phase is easy and chilled and now you become more energetic.

But you must take care of yourself and your baby. So here we will share with you some precautions in the 2nd trimester.

pregnancy in 2nd trimester


  1. Overview of second Trimester
  2. Diet for Pregnant lady
  3. Need of Doctor and medication
  4. Importance of Exercise, Rest and Sleep
  5. Effect of Alcohol, Smoking and Caffeine
  6. Danger Signs
  7. Mindset of the Lady
  8. Do’s and Don’ts
  9. Conclusions
  10. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ’S)

1. Overview of Second Trimester

Your pregnancy has come to the second phase. This trimester is easier than both the first and third trimester. The second trimester begins from the 13th to the 28th week of the third to sixth month.

pregnancy in 2nd trimester

Many of the first trimester symptoms like nausea and vomiting. You now feel more energetic. As your second trimester begins, you notice your bump grows and becomes more visible.

Moreover, You notice new symptoms like growing belly and breasts, changes in skin, dental issues, leg cramps, constipation, dizziness, vaginal discharge, and back pain.

In this trimester many women get engaged in different baby classes and take lessons on parenting. Some parents began photo shooting for the baby. Further, some start making preparations for a baby shower but most important is that you follow all precautions in the 2nd trimester.

2. Diet for Pregnant Lady

Since body parts of your baby started growing, therefore, it is very necessary to ensure you take a proper balanced diet with all nutrients and vitamins.

In the second trimester, it is important to take calcium, magnesium, and vitamin D in your diet for proper growth of bones of the baby along with omega 3 which is important for the growth of the brain of the baby. You should include carrots, cabbage, broccoli, and peanut butter which is rich in the above nutrients.

eating healthy foods

You should take a diet with whole grains (wheat, barley, bajra, ragi), pulses, legumes, and dals for proteins. Further, you should consume milk and milk products rich in calcium. But before consuming the dairy products ensure that they are pasteurized.

Moreover, do not miss vegetables like tomato green leafy vegetables, carrots, capsicum, pumpkin, etc. which provides many minerals and vitamins. Further, you should also take fruits like apple, orange, pineapple, etc. which are rich in fiber which helps in constipation.

In the second trimester, you need to intake more calories as your baby grows. Thus additional 300-350 calories daily is more than enough.

drinking water

Moreover, always keep yourself hydrated by drinking 2 – 3 liters of water daily at regular intervals as it provides many essential nutrients that are useful for babies.

Moreover, you mustn’t eat the food of two people. Overeating or undereating is both bad for the baby and the lady. Always consult your doctor before following any diet plan and follow all diet precautions in the 2nd trimester. 

3. Need of Doctor and medication

Most probably, every woman has consulted with a gynecologist till now. With the beginning of the second trimester, doctors will recommend an ultrasound, blood tests and glucose tests and regular visits after every month. These tests are minor.

Further, the doctors give pregnant ladies some vitamin pills and some more medicines which depend from one person to another and some doctors also recommend you to get the flu vaccine.

doctor taking test in 2nd trimester

If you get sick, do not take your regular medicine before asking the doctor as it can have a side effect on the baby.

Moreover, most gynecologists recommend the pregnant lady to visit the dentist for their oral checkup as the baby takes calcium from their mother’s teeth and the gums of the mother also become weak. Thus, it is important to maintain your oral health.

Further, it is strictly not recommended to take any medicines without doctors consulting and follow all the precautions in the 2nd trimester.

4. Importance of Exercise, Rest and Sleep

It is very important to exercise regularly for proper health. Since your bump starts growing thus your back feels more pressure therefore it is necessary to exercise to maintain your energy.

You can start normal walking for 30 mins daily and those who want to jog can jog for short intervals. But brisk walking is not recommended.

You can also take a 30 min swimming session 4-5 days in a week. It is a very good exercise. Moreover, you can work out on a stationary cycle also.

Further, you can do yoga which is the best exercise. It helps you keep calm and control mood swings. Further, it helps in flowing more positivity through the body. You can also start different asanas under instructor guidance.

excercise in 2nd trimester

You should avoid playing stressful games which require a lot of energy. Also, ensure to keep yourself hydrated between the exercise along with taking short breaks. Do not work out for long and force your body. Further, stop exercising if you feel very sweaty, breathless or your body becomes too hot and follow all the precautions in the 2nd trimester.

Moreover, in the second trimester, you feel more energetic and forget to take rest which is wrong.  You should take proper rest. Further, you should also have a proper 7-8 hours of interrupted sleep.

5. Effect of Alcohol, Smoking and Caffeine

If you are still smoking or consuming alcohol, then you are putting your child’s life in danger. It is harmful to both of you. You should quit immediately otherwise there can be adverse effects like miscarriages and abnormalities in the child.

Further, you should also remain in a no-smoking zone.

smoking is bad in 2nd trimester

Moreover, you should also avoid consuming excess tea, soft drinks, and coffee as it contains a high amount of caffeine which is also very harmful.

However, it is safe if you take a little amount of tea and coffee daily but you must follow all the precautions in the 2nd trimester.

6. Danger Signs

pregnant belly

There are some signs which you should not overlook. If you are having high fever, excessive vomiting, diarrhea, and jaundice then you immediately contact your doctor.

Moreover, If there are frequent headaches, stomachaches, or any bleeding from the vagina then you should consult your doctor.

Further, If there is irritation or burning sensation during urination you should take the help of the doctor and do not consume any medicines without their permissions and follow all the precautions in the 2nd trimester.

7. Mindset of the Lady

After a pregnant lady has passed the first stage of pregnancy, in the second trimester their fear of miscarriages is reduced. Even the baby growing makes them happy.

But they have a new fear and anxiety of becoming a good mother. They start questioning whether they will become a good mother or not. Further, they plan to welcome the baby and start shopping for them. But they also face occasional mood swings.

stresssed women

Sometimes they have a craving for a particular food and wanted to eat it and for some food, they grew food aversions which is healthy for them but you should follow all the diet precautions in the 2nd trimester.

Moreover, many women panic whether they are ready to take the responsibility of the child. Further, some are afraid that they do not get correct knowledge but we assure you correct knowledge.

8. Do’s and Don’ts

i. Dos

1 Always take your medicines, food, and water on time, and if any problem is there consult with the doctor.

2 Lady should exercise daily with proper measures and follow only light exercises.

3 Eat only healthy and homemade food. Avoid junk food, unhygienic, and frozen food.

4 Always consult with your doctor before going on a long trip.

5 Be positive and calm. You should follow your doctor’s advice and try to be away from unclean surroundings.

ii. Don’ts

1 Avoid coming in contact with an infected and sick person. Also keep yourself clean  

2 Do not lose hope and panic. Try to discuss your anxiety with someone with whom you are comfortable.

3 Do not take any medicine before the doctor’s consultation.

4 Do not smoke and consume alcohol as it severely affects your baby.

5 Do not neglect danger signs and always follow all protection measures.

8. Conclusions

pregnant women resting

You have completed the first trimester and you will complete all the trimesters happily. Always be positive and follow your doctor’s advice properly. Further, maintain your diet and keep yourself hydrated.

Moreover, exercise is also very important. Try to exercise regularly, Do not neglect some signs and always take your medicine on time and follow all the precautions in the 2nd trimester.

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9. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ’S)

Q1 How many extra calories are required in the second trimester?

You should take 300-350 calories extra during second trimesters.

Q2 How is the second trimester different from the first trimester?

The chances of miscarriages are reduced in the second trimester. Many symptoms like nausea and vomiting ends. You also feel more energetic.

Q3 Do we feel any baby movement in the second trimester?

You can feel baby movements from 16 weeks. You can feel baby kicks at the end of the second trimester.

Q4 How many tests are done in the second trimester?

Doctors recommend you to get blood, glucose level, and urine tests along with ultrasound.

Q5 When the second trimester ends?

First trimester starts from the thirteenth week to twenty-eighth week means the four-month to the sixth month.

Author: Gynomart

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