With the market providing numerous options for the prevention of pregnancy via different options. One should never forget that the methods are not always effective. It sometimes happens that you become pregnant with iud. There is still a chance of getting pregnant as long as their partner jizz.
However, one of the commonly used methods is an intrauterine device (IUD). A T shaped device that an obstetrician-gynaecologist (OB-GYN) places in the uterus to prevent pregnancy.
To look at the brighter side fewer than 1 in 100 women will become pregnant with 1 year of use. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) copper IUDs have a failure rate of 0.8% which is on a scale way better than its counterpart methods. Thus making it a highly effective one.
What’s in it for you?
- Symptoms if a women still gets pregnant
- Risks involved in IUD pregnancies
- A bit about ectopic pregnancy
- Options at this stage
- Medical termination
- Surgical termination
- A woman should not have penetrative intercourse within 7 days of implantation.
- A woman can become pregnant with an IUD if it falls out of place. Doctors call this IUD expulsion. When an IUD is in the right place, it will sit at the bottom of the uterus, just past the cervix.
- It is not a good option to get implanted with IUD shortly after giving birth. Women who breastfeed or who get an IUD shortly after giving birth may also be more likely to have their IUD move.
Symptoms if a Women still gets Pregnant
A woman can notice whether the strings of IUD are out of place, missing or uneven.
She can observe some typical pregnancy symptoms especially if the embryo has implanted in the uterus.
These symptoms include:
- A missed period
- Tender breasts
- Mood Changes
So, in a tiny range of individuals between 2 and 10 % . The contraceptive device will slip partially or completely out of the female internal reproductive organ.
If this happens, you will get pregnant.After that you may not understand the contraceptive device has fallen out of place.
In some cases, pregnancy will happen as a result of the contraceptive device hasn’t begun to work.
The copper contraceptive device, Paragard, protects against pregnancy state straight off.
But hormonal IUDs, like Mirena and Skyla, will take up to seven days to become effective. You’ll get pregnant if you’ve got sex while not using condom or alternative variety of protection throughout this window.
You may additionally experience contraceptive device failure if the contraceptive device has been in situ for longer than the manufacturer recommends.
Although one 2015 study found that Mirena might shield against for a full year when its FDA-approved expiration date. Additional analysis is required to verify this finding.
Risks involved in IUD Pregnancies
The risks associated with IUD pregnancies include:
- Miscarriage, usually occurs if the pregnancy ends in initial 20 weeks of pregnancy.
- Premature delivery, or sometimes going into labor early as 37th week of pregnancy.
- Premature rupture of membranes, amniotic sac may break before labor.
- Placental abruption, which is when the placenta partially or completely separates from the uterine wall
- Placenta previa, in which the placenta partially or completely covers the opening of the cervix
- Pelvic infection, Low birth weight.
A bit about Ectopic pregnancies
Ectopic pregnancies occur when the embryo gets implanted outside of the uterus — usually in the fallopian tube. Although it is observed that the women who become pregnant with IUD are more susceptible to ectopic pregnancy.
It gets much worse for a woman than you can think.
The symptoms that a woman is with ectopic pregnancy are:
- Lower back pain
- Mild abdominal or pelvic pain
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding
- Mild cramping on one side of the pelvis
And that is not all my dear folks, as an ectopic pregnancy progresses, a woman may experience some other, more serious symptoms.
These can include:
- Sudden and severe pain in the abdomen or pelvis
- Dizziness or fainting
- Shoulder pain
A woman who has these symptoms should seek immediate medical attention.
The inspection by the doctor becomes quite important for double checking. Your doctor can then perform a pelvic exam. If your contraceptive string is visible, your doctor can take away the contraceptive.
If your contraceptive string isn’t visible, they’ll perform an associate in nursing ultrasound to find your contraceptive. Above all, they can use a cytobrush or different tools to help in removal.
Current tips counsel that the contraceptive ought to be removed before the tip of the primary trimester. Removing the contraceptive when now could end in complications for each the person carrying the pregnancy and also the pregnancy itself.
You should have the contraceptive removed in spite of whether or not you propose to stay or terminate the pregnancy.
An ultrasound also will facilitate your doctor to verify if the physiological state is healthy or if there are any issues, like ectopic pregnancy.
If it’s ectopic, your doctor can suggest medication or surgery to get rid of the embryo. The precise treatment depends on the embryo’s location and overall development.
Options at this stage
If a woman even has a little doubt that she can be pregnant, she should talk to a doctor and make a confirmation first.
The doctor will give you more information whether it is ectopic or not. It is possible that the doctor may perform minor surgery or prescribe medicines to terminate it.
If they prescribe medication, it may be an injection of methotrexate. Which will stop the embryo cells from growing. After it the body is able to absorb pregnancy within 4-6 weeks.
Well, if a woman still plans to continue with the pregnancy. The doctor removes the IUD when the strings are visible or when it is in the cervix during the early stages of pregnancy.
A woman may have to go through ultrasound to find IUD string location, if not found. The next course of action depends on the location, as below:
- No IUD found: The woman will need an X-ray to locate the device.
- IUD within the cervix: The doctor will remove the IUD by pulling the strings.
- IUD above the cervix: The doctor will talk about the risks and complications of continuing the pregnancy.
There is another option at this stage for Women, which is of Termination
If the woman desires to terminate the pregnancy, the doctor can remove the IUD at the time of surgical termination or before medication termination.
To save you from pregnant iud. Now we can create the dichotomy between surgical termination and medical termination.
There are a variety of medications a doctor can prescribe, including:
However, side effects may include:
- Heavy bleeding
- Changes in body temperature
This procedure involves an OB-GYN inserting a speculum into the vagina. If the cervix needs to be dilated during the time of the procedure, they will insert and withdraw a series of dilators to increase the size of the opening.
In this method they insert a plastic tube attached to a suction pump to remove the pregnancy.
Here are some methods, in which a woman can go home within an hour. According to the ACOG, however, they should expect cramping for 1-2 days and bleeding that can last for 2 weeks.
For women who are unsure about their pregnancy they can take a home pregnancy test.
Well to sum up, it is highly unlikely for a woman to get pregnant with an IUD. But if the rarest of things does occur one should definitely visit a doctor.
Or any healthcare provider so that they can guide you at an early stage and you will have enough time to discuss your plans with your partner.
If a pregnancy occurs, a doctor will determine where the embryo has implanted to make sure that it is viable. If it is ectopic, they will recommend treatment. One should not get panicked during early stages of this mishap. A woman should always be open to options.
There is a very small chance that you will become pregnant while using an IUD, but you can become pregnant. Seeing this kind of event is very rare. Out of 100 women that use only 1 have the possibility to get pregnant.
Almost all IUDs have the same rate of failure like hormonal, non-hormonal or copper.
So, with all this unexpected pregnancy can cause many problems like premature delivery. Having a good knowledge of what changes occur in the body is a good decision.
If you feel any discomfort you must visit the doctor and tell him/her situation.
You may also read- Do’s and Don’ts during pregnancy|Information Guide for Pregnancy
Ans) IUD stands for intrauterine device, it is a T-shape device which is used to prevent pregnancy.
Ans) There are hormonal IUD, non-hormonal IUD and copper IUD.
Ans) The chances of pregnancy with the IUD is very low as 1%, it is 99% successful.
Ans) If you get pregnant with IUD risk of premature delivery, placental abruption is prominent.
Ans) Mifepristone, Misoprostol, Methotrexate are some medicines doctors may recommend. However, don’t take any medication without consulting your doctor.