You are now in the 6th month of pregnancy and in the last month of the second trimester. Many people don’t have the idea of a 6th-month pregnancy diet. Your countdown is started, more excited and some worried about the changes that occurred in your body during this month.
The duration of this month is from 22nd to 26th week. There is an increased chance of developing PIH (Pregnancy-induced hypertension) and GDM (Gestational diabetes mellitus) in this time period.
So, you have to become more conscious of your health and pregnancy diet. Baby attains weighs about 2 pounds and a length of 12 inches long. Baby starts to recognize your voice. So, a proper 6th-month pregnancy diet plan is required for the proper growth and development of the fetus.
Table of contents
- What to eat?
- What not to eat?
- Eating habits and tips
- Common discomforts with dietary management
1. WHAT TO EAT?
In the 6th month of pregnancy, some food items and elements have a good impact on the health of the fetus and of a mother. Let’s discuss them.
a. FOLIC ACID or FOLATE
Folic acid is an important food during the second trimester because the rapid growth of the baby’s brain goes on during this trimester.
Supplements of folic acid should be taken regularly as per advice by your doctor. Folic acid deficiency can lead to neural tube defects like spina bifida, anencephaly, etc. and increased chances of cleft lip and cleft palate in the fetus.
|Moth bean(Matki ki dal)||30g||104.7mcg|
Carbohydrates are the main component of food that gives energy to your body and fiber, iron, minerals, and vitamins. They should make 45-65%of our daily calorie intake.
So, don’t forget to include carbohydrate sources in your 6th-month pregnancy diet plan.
- Grains- Wheat, Cereals, Rice, oatmeal, whole-wheat pasta, brown rice
- Starchy vegetables- Potato, Corn
- Legumes– Beans and plant-based protein foods
Proteins are the building block of the body. Proteins contain amino acids. This nutrient is very crucial in every month of pregnancy and helps in organ development of the baby.
- Soya chunks
- Tofu, Pulses
Sufficient intake of water is necessary to maintain metabolism and all other functions of the body.8 glasses of water a day is a must. You can also take juices, milk, shakes, etc, and other options for proper fluid level maintenance.
e. VEGETABLES AND FRUITS
Fruits and vegetables supply proper fibers, vitamins, minerals, hydration and nutrients to your body.
Include a variety of fruits and vegetables in the 6th-month pregnancy diet at least 4-9 bowl servings a day. They are rich in fibers, minerals, and low in calories.
Roughage or fiber in this food prevents you from the problem of indigestion, constipation.
2. WHAT NOT TO EAT?
Certain types of foods are to be avoided in pregnancy diet.
a. AVOID SPICY FOOD
Over spicy and oily food acts as an irritant to the stomach which can further cause heartburn, indigestion, and discomfort to the mother.
b. AVOID UNDERCOOKED MEAT
Undercooked meat may contain bacteria and can lead to health issues for the mother. Eat properly cooked meat.
c. AVOID CAFFEINE
Caffeine intake in any way should be avoided or to be in minimum quantity. Try to avoid tea, coffee, chocolate. The use of green tea is beneficial. Green tea has many antioxidants and other health benefits also.
3. EATING HABITS AND TIPS:
a. SNACKS DURING PREGNANCY
In pregnancy, hunger pangs are recurrent. You suddenly have the urge to eat something. So, you have to keep some food items in hand to resolve hunger pangs. Here are some food items which can be used as a snack. These are rich in nutrients and healthy.
|Food Items (healthy snacks)||Key elements||How to eat|
|Baked potato and sweet potato||Vitamin-C||Eat them with yogurt.|
|Bran cereals (choker)||Fiber||Good source of fiber.|
|Broccoli||Vitamin-AVitamin-CFolic acid||Eat them with yogurt.|
|Cantaloupe(Kharbooja)||Vitamin-AVitamin- C||Cut melon into small Pieces and them.|
|Chicken and turkey||Low-fat proteinIron||Remove the skin. Dark meat has more iron than light meat.|
|Fish||Low-fat protein||Eat properly cooked fish.|
|Fortified cooked cereals|
|Fortified cooked cereals have more iron than oatmeal.|
|Fortified ready- to -eat cereals||FiberIronCalcium and folic acid||you can eat them dry as a snack.|
|Green and red peppers(Mirchi)||Vitamin-AVitamin- CFolic acid||Add to pizza or eat raw as a snack.|
|Low-fat milk and yogurt||CalciumProtein||You can also make smoothie,chaach, or lassi of milk products.|
|Oranges||Vitamin- C||Drink orange juice or you can consume it in slices|
|Vegetable pizza||CalciumProteinVitamins||make pizza using a lot of vegetables but do not involve sausage in pizza.|
|Popcorn||Fiber||Make sure not to add more salt and butter in popcorn|
|Spinach||Vitamin-AVitamin- CFolic acid||Eat spinach as a salad|
|Tomatoes||Vitamin-C||Eat raw tomato after a proper wash or you can add this in pizza or salad. Tomato is a good option|
|Whole wheat bread||FiberVitamin- CFolic acid||Good source of fiber|
b. HOW TO EAT
Not only focus on what to eat but also keep an eye on how to eat food items. Also, get to know about the procedure of making food, for example, you can take a bowl of yogurt by adding some orange slices, purple grapes, grapefruit slices.
c. SUPPLEMENTS DURING PREGNANCY
Supplemental tablets in pregnancy should be taken by as per the advice of the doctor.
Some pregnant women have a deficiency of some nutrients due to some reasons like an imbalanced diet, any diseased condition, or dietary restrictions. So, supplements replenish the need of these nutrients in the body and taken as per doctor’s order.
4. COMMON DISCOMFORTS WITH DIETARY SOLUTION
Some common discomforts are experienced during this time period and can be easily managed by a change in eating habits. Let’s know about them
1. FOOD CRAVINGS(HUNGER PANGS)
Good nutrition is very important during pregnancy. Eating habits, patterns, likes, and dislikes of food and many food-related habits are changed at that time. Some women may suddenly dislike food and after the birth of the baby, this problem will be resolved means again she starts liking that food.
Pregnant women suddenly have an urge to eat a particular food item called food cravings.
You also heard a problem that in pregnancy some mothers have an urge to eat clay, chalk, charcoal, stone, or dirt. This condition is called PICA CRAVINGS means having an urge to eat non or little nutritive food items in pregnancy.
-Always carry some healthy snacks with you when you got from home.
-Eat healthy food. For example, if you have an urge to eat clay or chalk. It indicates that you need more iron and calcium. Then, try to take more dairy products, fruits, and vegetables. Do mot eat chalk or clay because they may contain parasites and can cause infection?
-If you have an urge to eat any healthy food item then, eat as much you want but avoid overeating. Overeating further causes heartburn, acidity, and other problems.
ii. PTYALISM GRAVIDARUM
Excessive salivation during pregnancy may be due to difficulty in swallowing saliva. This condition is more common in women having nausea and vomiting.
-Reduce the intake of carbohydrates in the diet.
-Maintaining hydration level in your body and drink plenty of water.
-Take a minty mouth wash and you can also use mint(pudhina)containing toothpaste.
-Chew sugarless gum.
-Brush your teeth two times a day.
I hope that now you are able to find the answer to all your questions and to clear your queries about 6th-month pregnancy diet, what to eat or not to eat, eating habits, some eating tips to resolve food cravings, and what are the discomforts with dietary management during the 6th month of pregnancy. If you still
have any doubt or query, then you can ask in the comment box below or inbox. Thank you so much and have a nice day.
You may also read- 7th Month Pregnancy Diet Guide And Basic Eating Habits
No, it is not good to take iron and calcium food sources or their supplements together. Calcium interferes with the absorption of iron. So, a gap of at least 2 hours is to be maintained between the intake of iron and calcium. It is better to take an iron supplement after one hour of dinner.
Folic acid is an important vitamin that helps in the prevention of congenital birth defects. Make sure to maintain a sufficient intake of folic acid in your pregnancy diet plan such as spinach, chicken liver, ripe papaya, etc.
It can indicate a deficiency of iron or anemia in pregnant women Avoid this habit and increase the consumption of iron food sources. Because the soil may contain lead and causes harm to the baby.